(11.56 KB 533x196 random-reading-13-1.jpg)
15 Human biology basics everyone should know Fritz 12/23/2020 (Wed) 09:57:22 No. 477 [Reply] [Last]
Our bodies are responsible for thousands of extremely complex and fascinating processes every second. Know these basics of human biology.
Edited last time by admin on 12/23/2020 (Wed) 16:46:46.
214 posts and 2 images omitted.
could choose an auditor who would rubber stamp their results.
I did manage to place an order for a blazer the right size. [+ for]
https://www.berkeleyparentsnetwork.org/advice/safety/riding My husband once dropped our 2 y.o. on asphalt while he was carrying him on his shoulders. We ended up at the E.R. Our son was fine. Nontheless to say that no longer did he do it. Maybe your husband might consider a baby carrier or hold child in his arms instead. m I carry my daughter on my shoulders all the time. And I'm Mom. My daughter loves it, and I find it actually more stable than carrying her in my arms. Plus I can do it for longer. It's especially good for crowds, as she doesnt' have to get bumped. I have never fallen with her on my shoulders, but I have fallen a couple of times while carrying her in my arms. Maybe this is because I'm more careful or more stable when she's on my shoulders, or maybe it's because of random chance... I'm never completely certain what happened when I did fall (bad ankles?), but it has absolutely nothing to do with whether she's on my shoulders. In other words, I wouldn't worry about it if I were you. Maybe there's some other reason that this bugs you, or maybe you need to learn to relax a little. I'd also add that one thing I loved more than anything as a kid was riding on dad's shoulders myself, and it was something that didn't last as long as I would have liked it... I probably would have been up on his shoulders as a teenager if he would have allowed it! janet
$22,000 for one day’s worth of video. They requested two hours of video, and will update as soon as the video is reviewed.
... Legislature Threatens to Arrest Maricopa County ???s Board for Hiding Evidence ... state Representative ... explains why the state legislature is getting ready to send in the sergeant-at-arms to arrest members of the Maricopa County ???s board. ??? officials have been blocking access to ballots and ??? equipment for months, in defiance of subpoenas. ... says according to state law “the ballots themselves are to be placed in the custody of the state treasurer after the canvassing of the ballots.” “That never happened,” he said. ... says their case of ??? fraud is iron tight. “You’re not going to issue that subpoena without probable cause…what else do we need to show you? We have the receipts.” ... says ... is completely fed up with the corruption, ..., ..., and independents alike. “This isn’t about ..., by the way,” he said. “This is about free and fair ???s. “The more these guys slow walk this, the more they subvert, the more they obfuscate, the more they refuse to comply with subpoena after subpoena, with deadline after deadline, court cases, lawyering up, all of that garbage,

Message too long. Click here to view full text.

Google Chrome does not allow users to disable WebRTC. Here is one example: Easy WebRTC Block. Since ... uses Chrome in incognito mode, you need to allow it in incognito mode (enter “chrome://extensions” in address bar, click “Details” on “Easy WebRTC Block” and enable “Allow in incognito”)

(51.40 KB 669x424 Random-02.jpg)
Random reading Fritz 12/25/2020 (Fri) 06:50:47 No. 530 [Reply] [Last]
12 posts omitted.
Voluntary Movements Once you feel pain, voluntary movements occur. For example, you cool your hand by shaking it or placing it in cold water. Impulses for voluntary movement begin in the motor cortex of the cerebrum. The motor cortex sends impulses via interneurons to the cerebellum where motor activity is coordinated. Then, the impulses are sent via interneurons in the spinal cord to the motor neurons that control the muscles involved in arm and hand movement.
Memories Impulses from the sensory cortex are conducted over interneurons to the prefrontal cortex of the cerebrum to be “recorded” as memories that associate the sight of a hot stove with pain. These memories cause you to be more careful when you are near a hot stove.
Patient’s response when their hand is poked with a needle Number on Neuron Pathway Damagediagram Anna can feel pain and her arm automatically moves away. She can voluntarily move her arm. No Damage Bart can feel pain and his arm automatically moves away. He cannot voluntarily move his arm. 1 Connie’s arm automatically moves away but she does not feel pain. She can voluntarily move her arm. 2 David does not feel any pain and his arm does not move automatically. He can voluntarily move his arm. 4 Erin’s arm automatically moves. She does not feel pain and she cannot move her arm. 3 Fred can feel pain. His arm does not move automatically and he cannot voluntarily move his arm. 5
Reflexes If you touch something that is very hot, your hand moves away quickly before you even feel the pain. You don’t have to think about it because the response is a reflex that does not involve the brain. A reflex is a rapid, unlearned, involuntary (automatic) response to a stimulus (change in the environment). Reflexes are responses that protect the body from potentially harmful events that require immediate action. They involve relatively few neurons (nerve cells) so that they can occur rapidly. There are a wide variety of reflexes that we experience every day such as sneezing, coughing, and blinking. We also automatically duck when an object is thrown at us, and our pupils automatically change size in response to light. These reflexes have evolved because they protect the body from potentially harmful events. Most reflexes protect people from injury or deal with things that require immediate action. Reflex actions do not involve the higher brain regions involved in conscious sensation, decision-making, and voluntary movement. Involving higher brain regions would take too long, potentially exposing the body to risks. Using the reflex pathway as a shortcut allows reflexes to occur very rapidly.
The response This occurs when the motor neurons deliver nerve impulses from the spinal cord to the part of the body where a response to the stimulus is needed. In the above example, the response is the muscle contraction to quickly pull the hand away from the hot pot. In the second example, the response is to blink to prevent the insect from making contact with the eye.
Reflex Action If you accidentally touch a hot pot on your stove while cooking, you would involuntarily (and nearly instantaneously) snatch your hand away from the pot. This response is called a ‘reflex action'.

(119.54 KB 1349x752 Bologna, Italy.jpg)
VS Fritz 12/23/2020 (Wed) 08:16:07 No. 460 [Reply] [Last]
The difference between ... and ... ... vs ...
22 posts omitted.
This has totally been a sore spot for me. As a reporter, I was taught that a wound is an intentional assault on a person, for example, a gunshot, a terrorist attack, a knife attack. An injury on the other hand is unintentional. A car accident or a fall might qualify. If a gunman opens fire in a bar, then the people who were hit were wounded, not injured. If they fell in trying to escape, but not hit by gunfire, they were injured. That's my thought on the subject.
As already noted, a wound is a particular type of injury, and it can be used in general parlance for that, not just for military situations (e.g. "wounded in a car crash" if we're talking about bloody gashes and the like). "Wounded" is sometimes preferred in a military context, as previously noted. Another case where it seems to be more common is when talking about violent crime, e.g. "the shooter killed three people and wounded eight". It's not incorrect to use "injured", so if you're not sure, choose that one.
I guess the reporter talks about some military spokespeople. And in that context, well, "wounded" has a clear connotation of warfare, while "injured" sounds more civilian. "Five people were injured in the crash of the helicopter" sounds "nicer" than "Five people were wounded [...]". It's all about the spin, baby...
"This is a brother of mine." (<-Idiomatic) "This is one brother of mine." (<-not idiomatic) "This is one of my brothers." (<-Idiomatic)
If you only have one friend or brother then you say "this is my friend / brother."
The artist, who is a friend of mine, painted a portrait of me.

SanDisk USB drives get so hot Fritz 10/09/2020 (Fri) 13:02:41 No. 106 [Reply]
When I pulled one of these sticks out - my finger tip felt like it had touched the metal surface of a boiling kettle !! https://forums.sandisk.com/t/ultra-fit-usb-3-0-excessive-heat/33099
2 posts omitted.
don't say f....d .p
It is possible to split your traffic that is your connection to the internet into two parts. When you visit social networks or dating sites, watch entertainment websites or films… do it all on an ordinary connection. However, you can use an encrypted connection independently and simultaneously.
>>163 f....d.p
between good and evil
Is there anything?

The German Way Fritz 12/24/2020 (Thu) 14:53:26 No. 507 [Reply] [Last]
Wenn Sie eine Armee von 100 Löwen aufbauen und deren Anführer ein Hund ist, sterben die Löwen in jedem Kampf wie ein Hund. Aber wenn Sie eine Armee von 100 Hunden aufbauen und deren Anführer ein Löwe ist, kämpfen alle Hunde wie ein Löwe. Si vous construisez une armée de 100 lions et que leur chef est un chien, dans n'importe quel combat, les lions mourront comme un chien. mais si vous construisez une armée de 100 chiens et que leur chef est un lion, tous les chiens se battront comme un lion. If you build an army of 100 lions and their leader is a dog, in any fight, the lions will die like a dog. But if you build an army of 100 dogs and their leader is a lion, all dogs will fight like a lion. Napoleon Bonaparte
Edited last time by admin on 12/24/2020 (Thu) 14:55:41.
36 posts omitted.
Print Friendly, PDF & Email From Kita to Uni The education system in Germany varies from state to state, although the basic K-12 system is fairly uniform. As in the US, education is the responsibility of each of the 16 German states (Bundesländer), but there is a national conference of state education ministers (Kultusministerkonferenz, KMK) that serves to coordinate educational practices at the national level. However, there is still some variation in the school systems across Germany. (Also see: Education in Germany.) School trip Secondary school students in Berlin on a field trip to the former Hohenschönhausen Stasi (secret police) prison and interrogation center in Berlin. PHOTO: Hyde Flippo Jump to | Preschool | Elementary Schools | Secondary Schools | Special Education | Higher Education | Expat Options/International Schools General Overview Compared to the United States, the German primary and secondary school system is a rather complicated one in which there are sometimes as many as five different kinds of secondary schools (usually starting at grade 5) and various paths leading to academic higher education, advanced technical training or a trade. For more about the types of schools in Germany see below. In addition to Germany’s extensive public school system, there are also some private and parochial schools, but far fewer than in the US and most other countries. Among the private schools, Montessori, Waldorf, Jena and other alternative education models are popular. But in all of Germany, a country of 82 million people, there are only about 2,500 private and parochial schools, including boarding schools (Internate). There are also a good number of international schools all across Germany, which can be a good option for English-speaking expats. (See more about international schools below.)

Message too long. Click here to view full text.

Surprisingly, in the land that invented the kindergarten, preschool education is not part of the public education system. Most preschools or daycare centers for young children in Germany are run by churches or other non-profit organizations. The federal government does provide some funding to the states, but despite new laws that “guarantee” at least half-day childcare for children between the ages of one and three, there are not enough places available. Efforts to increase the availability of childcare have been hindered by a lack of funding, plus a lack of trained staff. Less than a third of three-year-olds in Germany had access to daycare in 2012. The German preschool system varies from state to state, but in general it works this way: Kinderkrippe (literally, “crib” or “crèche”) – For ages eight weeks to three years. Kita (short for Kindertagesstätte (children’s daycare center) – For ages 3-6, open from 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. or later. Kindergarten – For ages 3-6; half-day or full-day kindergarten. Hort or Schulhort – Provides after-school daycare for elementary school pupils. Finding a place for your preschooler can be difficult, since there are also many other parents trying to find a good Kita or kindergarten. The better facilities tend to fill fast, so it is necessary to plan ahead. Finding a place for your child often depends on where you live. Getting your child into a good facility near where you live is considered a wonderful stroke of luck.
After preschool, German pupils attend primary school (Grundschule, “basic school,” grades 1-4). Compulsory school attendance Schulpflicht starts in September after a child has turned six. All students attend elementary school from grade one to grade four in most states. Before beginning the fifth grade (seventh in Berlin/Brandenburg), students and their parents must choose the type of secondary school they will attend, in other words, which educational track they will be on. The majority of children attend a public elementary school in their neighborhood. As in the US, schools in affluent areas tend to be better than those in less-affluent areas. In bigger cities students “with a migratory background” (as the Germans refer to immigrant Turks and other non-Germans migrants) often lower the quality of education in schools with a high percentage of foreign students. Efforts to combat this inequality have met with limited success.
After completing their primary education (at 10 years of age, 12 in Berlin and Brandenburg), children attend one of five types of secondary schools in Germany. The five kinds of schools vary from state to state in Germany: Hauptschule (HOWPT-shoo-luh, grades 5-9 or 5-10) The Hauptschule is generally considered the least demanding of the five types of secondary school, but it may be very appropriate for students who wish to enter the trades or go through an apprenticeship for certain types of industrial employment. The Hauptschule prepares pupils for vocational education, and most of the pupils work part-time as apprentices. Upon completion of the final Hauptschulabschluss examination, after grade 9 or 10. They also have the option of earning the more prestigious Realschulabschluss after grade 10. With that, the next step is often a Berufsschule, an advanced technical/vocational school with a two-year course of apprenticeship and study. Realschule (ray-ALL-shoo-luh, grades 5-10) This is the most popular type of secondary school in Germany. About 40 percent of German pupils attend this kind of school. The Realschule may be a step below the Gymnasium (more below), but it can be a very good school, with academic standards that usually exceed those of a typical high school in the US. For instance, Realschule students must study at least one foreign language (usually English or French) for a minimum of five years. (In Gymnasium a second foreign language is required.) Graduates earn a Realschulabschluss diploma. In some communities a Realschule and a Gymnasium may share the same building, with a common library, and other common facilites. Mittelschule (MIT-tel-shoo-luh, grades 5-10) Only some German states have this type of intermediate school (grades 6-10) that combines the Hauptschule and Realschule tracks. Gymnasium (ghim-NAH-zee-uhm, grades 5-12 or 5-13) The German Gymnasium is an academic secondary school that prepares pupils for a university education. It begins with the fifth grade (seventh in Berlin/Brandenburg). After grade 12 or 13 (depending on the state), students earn a diploma called das Abitur by passing an oral and written examination. The Gymnasium has a long history, dating back to 1528 in Saxony. Traditionally there was a heavy emphasis on the study of Latin and Greek, but modern languages are favored today. Until the 1970s there were separate Gymnasien for boys and girls. Nowadays they are co-ed. The Gymnasium curriculum is highly academic, with two foreign languages required, plus higher math and science courses. Students also have the option of taking more advanced “honors” courses (Leistungskurse). Any student with an “Abi” diploma from a Gymnasium must be admitted to a German university, but there are no guarantees concerning the field of study. Popular fields such a law and medicine are very competitive. Students often have to choose a second or third choice for their major, or have to enroll in a more distant university than they might prefer. Gesamtschule (guh-SAHMT-shoo-luh, grades 5-12 or 5-13)

Message too long. Click here to view full text.

The Grading System The German grading scale runs from 1 to 6, with one being the best grade (A) and six the worst (F). Poor grades in several subjects can result in a student having to repeat an entire school year. Class Schedule A German class schedule is not the same every day. More like a college schedule, with some classes three times a week, while others are only two days a week. School Days German students attend school for 187-190 days in an academic year, depending on the state. The school year in the US lasts 180 days. German students only get a six-week summer vacation, but they have more frequent vacation breaks during the school year. In recent years, some US school districts have adopted a similar schedule, with more frequent breaks. School Vacation Dates In order to avoid massive traffic jams, German schools in the 16 states have a staggered vacation (Ferien) schedule that rotates each year. One year schools in Berlin may begin their summer vacation in June, while those in Bavaria begin in July. There is even a website where you can find a state-by-state Schulferien guide for the next several years. No Substitute Teachers If a teacher is absent, there is no class that day, or the class is taught by a colleague who has a free period. Substitutes (Ersatzlehrer) are only hired for lengthy absences. School Trips School trips are often more ambitious and more extensive than in the US. A typical English class in Germany might have an annual trip by bus to London with their teachers for a week or ten days, staying in youth hostels. No Hall Passes, No Study Hall If students have a free period, they are free to do whatever they want to during that time. There are usually no study halls (except in a Ganztagsschule) or hall passes. German secondary pupils are not treated like babies. They are expected to be responsible.

Message too long. Click here to view full text.

(5.46 KB 258x91 mapindex3.gif.jpg)
Index Fritz 12/26/2020 (Sat) 08:26:36 No. 553 [Reply]
It makes contents searchable on one page.
Human biology >>477 Basic concepts of biology >>496 Why do organisms reproduce >>502
Wikileaks did a great deal to enrich the defense contractors >>499 Constraints on Governments Powers The rule of law >>540
Christmas Stille Nacht, silent night >>533
Is WW1 a family feud, conflict between nations for their own national interests, or a diplomatic disaster? >>>558
2.2 What is the Scientific Method? 2.3 Empirical Research >>656

(7.58 KB 200x200 toltoltol.com.png)
About LangFans and Contact us A Fan of Language 12/12/2020 (Sat) 08:39:13 No. 1 [Reply]
Contact us: Please leave a message here >>>/about/2 Boards: >>>/0/ Sorting board, All contributors please post here. >>>/1/ To 1 Year Olds Speaking to 1 year olds >>>/2/ To 2 Year Olds Speaking to 2 year olds >>>/3/ To 3 Year Olds Speaking to 3 Year olds >>>/4/ To 4-5 Year Olds Speaking to 4-5 year olds >>>/5/ Kid songs and games >>>/6/ To 6-7 Year Olds Speaking to 6-7 year olds >>>/7/ Languages used by subjects >>>/8/ To 8+ Year Olds Speaking to 8+ year olds >>>/b/ User Service >>>/d/ Deutsche >>>/p/ Public announcement and notice board >>>/r/ English Language Resources

Message too long. Click here to view full text.

Edited last time by admin on 12/14/2020 (Mon) 02:27:47.
We focus on language teaching before text. School language teachers are welcome only if they teach skills not knowledge.

Proper use of Fritz 12/23/2020 (Wed) 07:41:00 No. 451 [Reply] [Last]
Proper use of Lessons Advice
11 posts omitted.
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine. Other Interactions Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially: Animal bites or Deep wounds or Serious burns—The chance of side effects may be increased
Check with your doctor if the skin problem for which you are using topical iodine becomes worse, or if you develop a constant irritation such as itching or burning that was not present before you started using this medicine. This medicine can stain your skin and clothing. Alcohol may be used to remove iodine stain on the skin. Stains on clothing can be removed by washing and rinsing them in ammonia diluted with water. Stains on starched linens can be removed by washing them in soap and water.
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur: Rare Blistering, crusting, irritation, itching, or reddening of skin Symptoms of overdose (when swallowed) Abdominal or stomach pain diarrhea fever nausea not being able to pass urine thirst, severe vomiting

Message too long. Click here to view full text.

Keep an eye on the area and if it becomes red, hot, tender and painful, swollen or shows a discharge that looks like pus, see a doctor. Otherwise it should heal ok.
Iodine: In general for minor cuts and abrasions the use of exposingseptic therapy solutions is not warranted. These solutions (especially H2O2 peroxide) cause cell death and impair wound healing. IF a wound requires cleaning, iodine (specifically iodosorb) has been shown to reduce bacterial load. Therefore, povidone is a better choice than H2O2 for wound cleansing.

(60.83 KB 640x427 synonyms.jpg)
Synonyms Fritz 12/23/2020 (Wed) 04:23:52 No. 449 [Reply]
Synonyms can help but they are often not interchangeable. Choose your words carefully.
To have regarded or viewed in a given way took regarded as considered to be deemed to be believed to be classed as held to be saw as thought of as considered as deemed as determined as esteemed as imagined to be judged as

Message too long. Click here to view full text.

Difference between ALangFan 09/03/2020 (Thu) 01:37:21 No. 5 [Reply] [Last]
Difference between
Edited last time by admin on 09/03/2020 (Thu) 01:38:05.
310 posts and 3 images omitted.
they divide the truth so it’s not as easy to find unless it’s printed on a court docket.
... should have been appearing as a witness in this case, and should have never been given any sentence, even community service is a joke, if anything, he should have been given a reward by the court, for doing the job of the police.
Read on to learn the difference between ... spit-up and vomit and what to do for a ... throwing up.
You can use a bulb syringe or nasal aspirator to help clear a stuffy nose.
How can I tell if ... is spitting up or vomiting? What can I do to help when ... is throwing up?
While the lap dog fake media is busy fact checking any real facts as false, the truth is that data analysis revealed that over 2.8 million ... were deleted from ..., while 512,000 ... were switched from ... to .... Spreadsheet showing the deleted and switched .... Not that ... were only deleted from ..., never from ...:

(39.77 KB 320x212 german+playgrounds.jpg)
The German ways Bernd 12/13/2020 (Sun) 05:56:18 No. 88 [Reply]
Germans are known across the globe for being very well disciplined and having a high-quality work ethic. In my experience of traveling around the world and experiencing different cultures, it is easy to notice that German influence in terms of discipline and the quality of the products is almost always second to none. The only country that comes close to Germany in terms of discipline and work ethic is Japan. Even when I visited the high altitudes of Cuzco, Peru, in the wild surroundings of Machu Picchu, the only company and the service that was always on time, looked professional, and made me feel comfortable was the German-operated railroad. Companies like Siemens, Bosch, DB and car industries Mercedes Benz, Porsche and BMW, just to name a few, strive for a level of perfection that stands out when compared to all others.
https://www.livescience.com/44007-german-culture.html Values Germans place a high priority on structure, privacy and punctuality. The German people embrace the values of thriftiness, hard work and industriousness and there is great emphasis on making sure that "the trains run on time." According to Passport to Trade 2.0, an online business etiquette guide by the University of Salford in Manchester, England, "Germans are most comfortable when they can organize and compartmentalize their world into controllable units. Time, therefore, is managed carefully, and calendars, schedules and agendas must be respected." Germans are stoic people who strive for perfectionism and precision in all aspects of their lives. They do not admit faults, even jokingly, and rarely hand out compliments. At first their attitude may seem unfriendly, but there is a keen sense of community and social conscience and a desire to belong.

Contact us A Fan of Language 12/12/2020 (Sat) 17:36:49 No. 2 [Reply]
Please reply to this thread to contact us. If you'd like to send us a private message, please send an email to cs@toltoltol.com.
Edited last time by admin on 12/14/2020 (Mon) 02:24:35.

Videos for 8+ year olds A Fan of Language 12/07/2020 (Mon) 15:51:47 No. 106 [Reply]

(17.90 KB 400x318 WordWeb-Android-1.jpg)
Software we recommend A Fan of Language 12/01/2020 (Tue) 01:02:20 No. 6 [Reply]
Wordweb Best for beginners, entry level learners. It offers overly simplified often inaccurate definitions. But if you pay, you will hear real human pronunciations. And it's super handy.

(22.54 KB 800x304 TOEFL-vs-IELTS.png)
Forums we avoid A Fan of Language 12/01/2020 (Tue) 00:40:25 No. 4 [Reply]
The below websites may or may not teach you wrong or weird English. Some of them focus on teaching you how to pass exams. Those websites where natives speakers do not exchange their views often confuse or mislead students. And the exam helping websites often teach you uniformed English which no native speakers speak. If you want to learn real English spoken by real people, avoid them.
Edited last time by admin on 12/01/2020 (Tue) 00:42:36.
Wordweb Best for beginners, entry level learners. It offers overly simplified often inaccurate definitions. But if you pay, you will hear real human pronunciations. It's super handy.

Forums that are OK but we DON'T recommend A Fan of Language 12/01/2020 (Tue) 00:30:33 No. 3 [Reply]
The below websites do not teach you wrong or weird English but would mislead you. They teach you rules more than expressions, dialects, or skills of expression. If you want to learn skills, avoid them. usingenglish.com

(2.94 KB 184x53 stackexchange.png)
Discussion websites that we recommend A Fan of Language 12/01/2020 (Tue) 00:14:40 No. 2 [Reply]
Only for level-8-year-old or above We recommend the sites that help learners see not only what native speakers say but also what they think about what other native speakers say. What they feel and comment is more important to the language. They know better what language is more effective and powerful. They help learners decide. stackexchange.com https://www.wordreference.com/
Edited last time by admin on 12/01/2020 (Tue) 00:20:06.

The people and land Fritz 11/17/2020 (Tue) 01:25:44 No. 222 [Reply]
As we can see, a high GDP per capita does not necessarily imply higher quality of life. For example, Luxembourg has a high GDP, but there are countries such as Canada and Norway which have a higher quality of life. If GDP were good at measuring welfare, then the countries with more GDP per capita would have a better quality of life, which as we can see from the graph is not the case.
GDP is not very good at measuring quality of life, because it values marketable goods and services and not factors that determine quality of life, such as safety, work-life balance, and life satisfaction of the citizens, all of which, according to the OECD, determine the quality of life. But without GDP, where would the quality of life come?
GDP is great to measure the aggregate value of goods and services being produced within a country and sold on the market. But although it is an amazing measuring device, GDP is often criticized because it only measures aggregate market activity and doesn’t measure anything that can’t be counted in terms of market prices. GDP is important to both quality of life and security.
GDP is the market value of all final goods and services produced in a country within a given time frame, and GDP per capita is GDP divided by the population to find out the value per citizen. It is calculated by finding out what households, governments, and firms spend in the market; after all, what they are buying must have been produced by someone. Not what people enjoy without trading.

Crotch or junction/union? Fritz 10/17/2020 (Sat) 03:01:22 No. 172 [Reply]
A bug that stays at a junction/crotch of two tree branches See the light through the junction/crotch of two tree branches?
Repairing snow damaged trees As heavy, wet snow accumulated on the thickly branched red maple at the edge of my neighbor’s property, the Y-shaped junction where the tree forked into two trunks was severely stressed. Finally, the weight of snow was too great and half of the snow covered maple tumbled over, its fall broken only by a large dogwood just below the kitchen window. Fortunately, the tree was planted so that it did not fall into the house, but the following day it was apparent that the tree must be cut down.
The neighbor’s maple was victim to poor pruning practices many years earlier that allowed multiple trunks to develop, but often weaknesses in tree structure are recognized only after severe wind, ice, or snow events. My garden suffered substexposingal damage to deciduous trees and evergreens (a cryptomeria with a broken top, above), some a result of poor structure, but all due to the unusually wet snow. Today we’ll begin the process of sorting through the repairs, and deciding whether branches or entire trees can be salvaged. First, please understand that working with chain saws can be extremely dangerous, in particular working on snowy ground or on ladders needed to cut branches beyond your reach from the ground. There is a time to realize that a project is beyond your capabilities, and if your safety is in doubt then the time is right to call for help. Most of the repairs that I’ve accomplished on damaged trees in my garden today have been done with a folding pruning saw, a low cost tool with coarse teeth that cut easily through tree branches. A chain saw was used to cut large branches into sections, and hand pruners were used to clean up loose wood around the cuts. In cutting away damaged branches I will try to minimize further damage to the tree, and attempt to preserve the branch collar, a raised ridge between a branch and an offshoot. Injuries will heal more completely, and more quickly, if the collar is maintained. Damage that requires removal of the branch collar will often suffer from rot since the tree will be slow to heal. https://davermfarm.wordpress.com/2011/02/04/repairing-snow-damaged-trees/
I discovered one of our ornamental trees had a split crotch where two larger branches met. To cut off one of the branches or the whole part of the trunk completely would ruin the balance and asthetics of the tree. I needed to figure out a way to hold them together long enough without girdling the trunk so that the split could heal. If you have a split ornamental or fruit tree that you want to save, this is one way you can do it. https://www.hunker.com/13428626/how-to-repair-a-split-tree
Watch carefully for the placement and crotch angle of the branches. Narrow angle crotches are prone to splitting because the connecting bark cells do not join together. The wider the angle, the stronger the crotch. When pruning two narrow angle branches remove the smaller or least desirable branch by cutting outside the Branch Collar. Some varieties of young trees develop vigorous upright shoots from at or just below the soil level. These should be removed by pruning at their attachment point to the tree (sometimes requiring the removal of a small amount of soil). http://www.karensgardentips.com/garden-basics/how-to-prune-a-deciduous-tree-or-shrub/
the process of grafting, whereby one plant grows into another to share a single vascular system, is a naturally occurring phenomenon, humans have been using it to their advantage Paul has managed to successfully graft tissue from hundreds of apple plants onto a single tree

Helpful videos Fritz 10/09/2020 (Fri) 01:20:59 No. 103 [Reply]
What do people usually say when they do something?
>>185 Your girl friend calls you. Your girl friend: Hey, honey, what are you doing? You: I just came back from a shopping trip. I bought some presents for your birthday tomorrow. Your girl friend: My birthday was yesterday. You: whoops

(4.55 KB 200x133 mathe-arbeitshefte.jpg)
A Fan of Language 10/31/2020 (Sat) 16:03:23 No. 372 [Reply]

(4.55 KB 200x133 mathe-arbeitshefte.jpg)
Matheaufgaben, Mathe Übungen, Arbeitsblätter u.v.m. zum ausdrucken Fritz 10/12/2020 (Mon) 07:26:14 No. 151 [Reply]
Matheaufgaben Klasse 1 bis Klasse 4: Die Lerninhalte Arbeitsblätter 1. Klasse : Einfaches Zählen, Konzentrationsaufgaben und Gedächtnisübungen, Lernspiele, Rechnen bis 20, Zahlenmauern, Rechentürme, Uhrzeiten. Arbeitsblätter 2. Klasse: Rechnen bis 100, Addition, Subtraktion, das Kleine 1x1 Einmaleins, Rechnen mit Zehnerübergang und ohne Zehnerübergang, Uhrzeit lernen, Textaufgaben Arbeitsblätter 3. Klasse: Schriftliches Rechnen bis 1000, Schriftliche Addition, Subtraktion, Multiplikation mit Zehnerübergang, Schriftliche Division, Text- und Sachaufgaben. Arbeitsblätter 4. Klasse: Textaufgaben, schriftliche Multiplikation, Division mit Rest, Geometrie, Maßeinheiten und Größeneinheiten, Rechnen mit Geld, einfache Bruchteile Matheaufgaben Klassse 5 - 10: Die Lerninhalte In der 5. Klasse behandeln wir: Grundrechenarten und Rechenregeln, Bruchrechnung, Rechnen mit Größen, Rechenausdrücke = Terme, Geometrie, Schätzen und Runden, Flächeninhalte berechnen In der 6. Klasse behandeln wir: Dreisatz-, Bruchrechnen, Bruchrechnung und Dezimalzahlen, Rechnen mit negativen Zahlen, Ausklammern und Ausmultiplizieren, Lernspiel rationale Zahlen, Gleichungen und Ungleichungen lösen In der 7. Klasse behandeln wir: Lineare Funktionen, Prozentrechnung, Zinsrechnung, Wahr- scheinlichkeitsrechnung, Terme und Gleichungen lösen, Textaufgaben mit Gleichungen, Dreieck Dreiecksberechnung und geometrische Konstruktionen

Message too long. Click here to view full text.

(47.49 KB 1351x278 mak.png.jpg)
How to make a point Fritz 10/08/2020 (Thu) 02:37:35 No. 95 [Reply]
for a reason — when your opponent is defeating himself, get out of the way. The conventional idea says that if the 2020 e- is a referendum on T, T loses. If it’s a referendum on B, B loses. Well, then, what we have, with only about four weeks remaining before e- Day, is B and the national media making damn sure 2020 is a referendum on T. B is awful. Terrible person. Terrible candidate. Corrupt to the core. Entire family is corrupt. He’s a honest person. He abuses women. He’s stupid. He’s an old man. An enfeebled old man. Refuses to answer tough questions about fairly important issues like stacking the Supreme Court and killing the Senate filibuster. He’ll be a terrible president. K, a grasping, craven, race-baiting, left-wing extremist who champions and supports political violence. She’ll be even worse. According to the polls, though, B and K are winning, and not by a small margin. They’re running away with it. Could be a m... Could be a Blue Wave. How is an enfeebled old hasbeen beating a patriotic dynamo like T? One way. B and the media appear to have cracked the code to beat T. Works like this…

Message too long. Click here to view full text.

Edited last time by admin on 10/08/2020 (Thu) 02:38:41.

(5.19 KB 120x170 Jason-Lucky-Morrow.jpg)
His writings keep me awake at night Fritz 10/04/2020 (Sun) 03:20:31 No. 46 [Reply]
I was unable to sleep at night, not scared but unable to stop reading his crime stories. https://www.historicalcrimedetective.com
Edited last time by admin on 10/05/2020 (Mon) 01:01:29.
I summarize his writing skills: He follows the readers' questions to tell the crime stories: where, when, what most people would think, and what happened, how it's discovered, who did, why, and what happened after the discovery of the crime, who cracked the case and how ... until it's solved or became a cold case. >He can create a mystery in his readers' head to provoke them to want to know more.
Edited last time by admin on 10/07/2020 (Wed) 11:51:35.
For No Good Reason On the morning of April 1, 1935, at 3:55 o’clock, Patrick Murray, a subway conductor on the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit lines, arrived home from his night’s work. As soon as he entered the hallway of the two-story frame dwelling on Marine Avenue, Brooklyn, he noticed something unusual—the light in the hallway had not been extinguished. https://www.historicalcrimedetective.com/no-good-reason/
Hannah Graham University of Virginia student, Hannah Graham, 18 -- remains found in Walnut Creek Park, Albemarle County, VA, 18 Oct 2014. Jesse Leroy Matthew, Jr. facing charges. https://www.websleuths.com/forums/forums/hannah-graham.545/

(39.60 KB 880x873 take-note.jpg)
What can LangFans do for you? A Fan of Language 10/05/2020 (Mon) 01:25:13 No. 12 [Reply]
>You can apply for a board. >And then save notes, make remarks, edit, sort or reorganize your notes, ask questions, practice, etc. >And it's free.
Edited last time by admin on 10/06/2020 (Tue) 13:48:38.

(62.02 KB 683x387 A-Tale-of-Two-Cities.jpg)
Satires with translations into modern English Fritz 10/04/2020 (Sun) 03:50:02 No. 48 [Reply]
https://www.sparknotes.com/lit/1984/ 1984 How could a book of satire become a book of reality now?
Edited last time by admin on 10/07/2020 (Wed) 11:52:47.

The videos that may help A Fan of Language 09/23/2020 (Wed) 15:32:57 No. 3 [Reply]
All of the scripts have been checked. We also rate the videos on a scale of 1-10 from not recommended to the best for language learners. 9-10 the best 7-8 good 5-6 helpful 3-4 not recommended 1-2 not recommended >(Did you shoot one of the videos? Please post in /edu/. You'd be a Lang-star here. We'd love to talk to you!)
Edited last time by admin on 09/27/2020 (Sun) 16:55:19.
The Ultimate Household Chore List The Care.com UK Team 22 Aug 2019 Having trouble keeping your house clean and organised? Use a family chore chart to stay on top of the workload. Who doesn’t want a tidy, organised house? Household chores might feel overwhelming, but once you break the tasks down and work them into daily, weekly, monthly and seasonal lists, you’ll see how little time it actually takes to maintain a clean home. Searching for a housekeeper? Find one in your area now. Chore lists detail what needs cleaning and how often. If you often find yourself climbing Mount Laundry or waking up to a counter full of dinner dishes, you might benefit from using these chore lists. Daily chores Daily chores help you stay on top of clutter and make your home guest-ready at any time. The daily chore list should be shared among family members so no one has to do it all. Make beds. Wash your dishes (by hand or in the dishwasher) after the meals. When dry or done, unload the dishwasher and put the dishes away.

Message too long. Click here to view full text.

(31.40 KB 860x375 language videos.jpg)
A Fan of Language 09/26/2020 (Sat) 09:26:58 No. 4 [Reply]
Who can describe the videos? We need your help.

Mathematics A Fan of Language 09/23/2020 (Wed) 17:18:27 No. 3 [Reply]
What is the difference between a theorem, a lemma, and a corollary? Posted by Dave Richeson on September 22, 2008 I prepared the following handout for my Discrete Mathematics class (here’s a pdf version). Definition — a precise and unambiguous description of the meaning of a mathematical term. It characterizes the meaning of a word by giving all the properties and only those properties that must be true. Theorem — a mathematical statement that is proved using rigorous mathematical reasoning. In a mathematical paper, the term theorem is often reserved for the most important results. Lemma — a minor result whose sole purpose is to help in proving a theorem. It is a stepping stone on the path to proving a theorem. Very occasionally lemmas can take on a life of their own (Zorn’s lemma, Urysohn’s lemma, Burnside’s lemma, Sperner’s lemma). Corollary — a result in which the (usually short) proof relies heavily on a given theorem (we often say that “this is a corollary of Theorem A”). Proposition — a proved and often interesting result, but generally less important than a theorem. Conjecture — a statement that is unproved, but is believed to be true (Collatz conjecture, Goldbach conjecture, twin prime conjecture).

Message too long. Click here to view full text.

Edited last time by admin on 09/23/2020 (Wed) 17:20:56.
1 post omitted.
Dorian Sabaz says: April 29, 2012 at 6:35 am Freshman or first years, it matters not. You start teaching false understandings at the beginning of a mathematical education, you end up with just confused and poor mathematicians. Worse yet, you end up with poor engineers and ridiculous physics theories, which is what we have today. Disciplines like Physics are in trouble, this has been so now for the better part of 30 years. There are subtleties that need to be understood, especially now in physics, and these subtleties are being ignored. There is a fundamental problem how we do theoretical physics and the way we interpret mathematics in physics, that is, how we do mathematical physics. I am of a school where we should be doing physical mathematics – that is, learn from observation and let reality guide your mathematics – this is contrary to mathematical physics, where the math is pushing how we want reality. That is why I gave the argument above on the interpretation of what is a theory, lemma or corollary. Perspective is illusory, not mathematical fact. As a small but very profound illustration, consider how the Hamiltonian is calculated for a particle in a box, or infinite well (it matters not the case). After some effort, the wave functions are determined for the possible states (energy, position, momentum, whatever) that the particle is allowed. But is this really true! Consider what the mathematics is really telling us. We have calculated these possible quexposingzed values for the entire system, in situ and a priori (refer back to my initial commentary for why this is important). So the question begs, how does a particle get to know the entire system, and know how to go into these appropriate quantum states IMMEDIATELY. The mathematics, is insitu! Reality is not. You can bring Relativity into this, it doesn’t change anything, the problem still remains, its just one level higher. This problem becomes self evident once you get into entanglement, but even there, the mathematics we use breaks down. I’ll end by giving you a first year dilemma, since you are so focused on freshmans and their capacity to understand basic mathematics. Let us see how you can explain this to them. Riddle me this, the inner dot product of two vectors is considered to be a scalar, whereas the cross product is vector. Furthermore, the inner dot product is interpreted by every mathematician and physicist in every university in the world today, as a projection of one vector upon the other, and the cross product illustrates the area (if we take units of distance) of two vectors. But is this true? Why is it that inner dot product has units of area, like the cross product. And if the inner dot product truly does represent an area, what area is it? Furthermore, reinterpreting the dot product to this “forgotten area”, what does this do to our interpretation of, say, Maxwell’s equations? As you can see, if you start off with a poor or misguided understanding in mathematics, it just may take you down a path to paradoxical theories, like Quantum Theory and Relativity. Paradoxes are a sign that it is not your theory that is flawed, but the axioms that the theory is supported upon is in error. Just imagine, two hundred years of the greatest mathematical minds and greatest physicists in history all missed one important and minor thing, like understanding what the dot product really is. Could this really be true? Its not like its ever happened before is it? Hmmm, two and half thousand years of believing that the Earth was the center of the known universe, does come to mind. Just because all the sheep follow the shepherd, it doesn’t mean that the shepherd knows where he is going. I gave you an argument earlier that linear thinking is dangerous. For it brainwashes people into thinking one way. I can tell you now, there are very deep problems and mistakes we have made in physics and mathematics, all because, we do mathematical physics and not physical mathematics. There are other ways to look at reality, and if you don’t teach them early in the educational process, you only perpetuate the lies of the past. How many centuries must past before ??? learns these lessons? https://divisbyzero.com/2008/09/22/what-is-the-difference-between-a-theorem-a-lemma-and-a-corollary/
I always love clear, accurate, concise, proper and effective writings.

L contest Fritz 09/16/2020 (Wed) 14:47:00 No. 21 [Reply]
Help people find the one among the many that is slightly different from others. by describing the difference between it and other objects, or its location. The best to say to express what you mean.

(6.22 KB 162x243 michael.jpg)
Crimes, Read and Learn Fritz 09/09/2020 (Wed) 09:45:45 No. 18 [Reply]
About Michael Edward Loftus, Sr. Bio and CV What sets me apart from the run-of-the-mill crime prevention experts is a lifetime of experience starting as a child victim of domestic violence, an adolescent target of pedophiles, a juvenile delinquent criminal, eventually a crime prevention advocate, and finally a faculty member of police training centers teaching crime prevention strategies to veteran law enforcement officers. My bio is my C.V. https://www.crime-safety-security.com/about-michael.html Note: learn the language, not his opinion.
Edited last time by admin on 09/27/2020 (Sun) 16:44:07.
You'd never suspect him by judging his looks or behavior. It's not until he springs his trap that you learn the truth.

(35.63 KB 440x576 Wahrheit.jpg)
preußische Tugenden ALangFan 09/03/2020 (Thu) 01:59:42 No. 8 [Reply]
Aufrichtigkeit Bescheidenheit Ehrlichkeit Fleiß Geradlinigkeit Gerechtigkeitssinn („Suum cuique“ = Jedem das Seine) Gewissenhaftigkeit Ordnungssinn Pflichtbewusstsein Pünktlichkeit Redlichkeit Sauberkeit Sparsamkeit Unbestechlichkeit Zurückhaltung („Mehr sein als scheinen!“) Zielstrebigkeit Zuverlässigkeit

Message too long. Click here to view full text.

Edited last time by admin on 09/03/2020 (Thu) 02:11:28.
2 posts and 1 image omitted.
(55.77 KB 720x540 tugenden nach aristoteles.jpg)
Tugenden nach Aristoteles | TobiasIllig.com
(103.54 KB 560x800 TugendPoster.jpg)
(112.98 KB 695x677 wordcloud_strenghts.jpg)
http://www.gluecksrezepte.at/charakterstaerken/ Charakterstärken – Glücksrezepte
(34.93 KB 510x253 427802_1_De_5_Fig1_HTML.gif.jpg)

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:50:54 No. 371 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:50:38 No. 370 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:50:16 No. 369 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:49:24 No. 368 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:48:41 No. 367 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:48:04 No. 366 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:47:27 No. 365 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:46:35 No. 363 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:45:58 No. 362 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:45:23 No. 361 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:45:05 No. 360 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

(139.35 KB 640x895 Little girl making silly face.jpg)
Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:44:51 No. 359 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:44:35 No. 358 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 4-5 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 14:43:46 No. 357 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 4-5 year olds?

Speaking to 6-7 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 07:51:23 No. 356 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 6-7 year olds?

Speaking to 6-7 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 07:50:52 No. 355 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 6-7 year olds?

Speaking to 6-7 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 07:49:55 No. 353 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 6-7 year olds?

Speaking to 6-7 Year olds ALangFan 08/09/2020 (Sun) 07:49:32 No. 352 [Reply]
What do you hear people usually say to 6-7 year olds?


no cookies?