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    Random reading Fritz 12/25/2020 (Fri) 06:50:47 No. 530
    Silent night, holy night All is calm, all is bright 'Round yon virgin Mother and Child Holy infant so tender and mild Sleep in heavenly peace Sleep in heavenly peace Silent night, holy night Shepherds quake at the sight. Glories stream from heaven afar Heav'nly hosts sing Alleluia Christ the Saviour is born Christ the Saviour is born Silent night, holy night, Son of God, love's pure light. Radiant beams from Thy holy face With the dawn of redeeming grace Jesus, Lord, at Thy birth Jesus, Lord, at Thy birth
    Deutsch (German) Musik: Franz Xaver Gruber, 1818 Text: Joseph Mohr, 1816/1818 In Oberndorf, Austria Stille Nacht, heilige Nacht Alles schläft; einsam wacht Nur das traute hochheilige Paar. Holder Knabe im lockigen Haar, Schlaf in himmlischer Ruh! Schlaf in himmlischer Ruh! Stille Nacht, heilige Nacht, Hirten erst kundgemacht Durch der Engel Halleluja, Tönt es laut von fern und nah: Christ, der Retter ist da! Christ, der Retter ist da! Stille Nacht, heilige Nacht, Gottes Sohn, o wie lacht Lieb’ aus deinem göttlichen Mund, Da uns schlägt die rettende Stund’. Christ, in deiner Geburt! Christ, in deiner Geburt!
    Melody: Franz Xaver Gruber, 1818 Words: Joseph Mohr, 1816/1818 Literal English prose translation: H. Flippo Silent night, holy night All is sleeping, alone watches Only the close, most holy couple. Blessed boy in curly hair, Sleep in heavenly peace! Sleep in heavenly peace! Silent night, holy night, Shepherds just informed By the angels’ hallelujah, It rings out far and wide: Christ the Savior is here! Christ the Savior is here! Silent night, holy night, Son of God, oh how laughs Love out of your divine mouth, For now the hour of salvation strikes for us. Christ, in Thy birth! Christ, in Thy birth!
    Joseph Mohr, 1816 (1792-1848) 1. Stille Nacht! Heil'ge Nacht! Alles schläft; einsam wacht Nur das traute heilige Paar. Holder Knab' im lockigten Haar, |: Schlafe in himmlischer Ruh! :| 2. Stille Nacht! Heil'ge Nacht! Gottes Sohn, o wie lacht Lieb' aus deinem göttlichen Mund, Da uns schlägt die rettende Stund'. |: Jesus in deiner Geburt! :| 3. Stille Nacht! Heil'ge Nacht! Die der Welt Heil gebracht, Aus des Himmels goldenen Höhn, Uns der Gnaden Fülle läßt sehn, |: Jesum in Menschengestalt! :| 4. Stille Nacht! Heil'ge Nacht! Wo sich heut alle Macht Väterlicher Liebe ergoß, Und als Bruder huldvoll umschloß |: Jesus die Völker der Welt! :| 5. Stille Nacht! Heil'ge Nacht! Lange schon uns bedacht, Als der Herr vom Grimme befreit In der Väter urgrauer Zeit |: Aller Welt Schonung verhieß! :| 6. Stille Nacht! Heil'ge Nacht! Hirten erst kundgemacht Durch der Engel Alleluja, Tönt es laut bei Ferne und Nah: |: "Jesus der Retter ist da!" :|
    fairly literal translation Frank 1997 1. Silent night! Holy night! All's asleep, one sole light, Just the faithful and holy pair, Lovely boy-child with curly hair, |: Sleep in heavenly peace! :| 2. Silent night! Holy night! God's Son laughs, o how bright. Love from your holy lips shines clear, As the dawn of salvation draws near, |: Jesus, Lord, with your birth! :| 3. Silent night! Holy night! Brought the world peace tonight, From the heavens' golden height Shows the grace of His holy might |: Jesus, as man on this earth! :| 4. Silent night! holy night! Where today all the might Of His fatherly love us graced And then Jesus, as brother embraced. |: All the peoples on earth! :| 5. Silent night! Holy night! Long we hoped that He might, As our Lord, free us of wrath, Since times of our fathers He hath |: Promised to spare all mankind! :| 6. Silent night! Holy night! Sheperds first see the sight. Told by angelic Alleluja, Sounding everywhere, both near and far: |: "Christ the Savior is here!" :|
    Phonetic, to be read as English 1. Shteal_lay Nahcht! Hi_lee_gay Nahcht! Ah_lays shlayft; ine_sahm wahcht Noor dahs trou_tay hi_lee_gay Paar. Hole_dare Knahb' eem low_kig_ten Haar, |: Shlah_fay in him_lish_air Roo! :| 2. Shteal_lay Nahcht! Hi_lee_gay Nacht! Goat_es Sown, oh we lahcht Leeb' ows die_nem get_leech_en Moond, Dah oons shlaygt dee rett_en_day Shtoond'. |: Yay_soos in die_ner Gay_boort! :| 3. Shteal_lay Nahcht! Hi_lee_gay Nacht! Dee dare Velt Hile gay_brahcht, Ows days Him_els gol_day_nen Heyn, Oons dare Gnah_den Fillay lesst sayn, |: Yay_soom in Men_shen_gay_stalt! :| 4. Shteal_lay Nahcht! Hi_lee_gay Nacht! Woe seech height all_eh Mahcht Fay_ter_lee_cher Leebay air_goss, Oond als Broodair hoold_fall oom_shloss |: Yay_sus dee Felker dair Velt! :| 5. Shteal_lay Nahcht! Hi_lee_gay Nacht! Lahng_ey schown oons bay_dahcht, Ols dare Hair fom Grim_may bay_fright In dare Fay_ter oor_grau_er tzite |: Oller Velt Show_nung fair_hees! :| 6. Shteal_lay Nahcht! Hi_lee_gay Nacht! Here_ten airst koond_gay_mahcht Doorch dare Ayng_el Alleluja, Taynt eys lout bay Fair_nay oond naw: |: "Yay_sus dare Retter eest dah!" :|
    They quickly move their hand or arm, and scream 'aarrrgghhh!!!' Or someone clever would go to the tap and immeidately run their hand or arm under cold water, until the pain starts to go away. This is to prevent any swelling or burns
    Hand on a Hot Stove. 2. Ask students to work individually to complete the Introduction. They should read the Introduction and write numbers to indicate the order of events that occur when a person accidentally puts a hand on a hot stove. The Introduction may be done for homework. 3. Ask students to work individually or in teams to complete Part 1 using the information in Biology Brief: What is a Reflex? Part 1 may be done for homework. 4. Ask several students to share their answers to the Introduction and Part 1. You may need to clarify the difference between “your hand moves automatically” (happens automatically without even thinking about it) and “you move your hand voluntarily” (you think and move your hand voluntarily)
    Hand on a Hot StoveTeacher Answer KeyIntroduction: When You Put Your Hand on a Hot Stove Think about what happens if you accidentally place your hand on a hot stove. Use numbers 1-5 to place these statements in the order in which they happen. 4 You wave or shake your hand voluntarily to cool it. 2 Your arm moves to automatically move your hand away from the stove. 3 You feel pain in your hand. 5 You remember that you should not touch a hot stove. 1 You touch a hot stove.
    Life Sciences Learning Center Copyright © 2013 by University of Rochester. All rights reserved. May be copied for classroom use7Part 3: Using Your BrainYou are capable of behaviors that are more complex than simple reflexes. Complex behaviors require the involvement of parts of the brain. For example, when you put your hand on a hot stove, you use your brain for things that are not reflexes, such as conscious sensations, voluntary movements, and memories.
    Conscious Sensations Conscious sensations include the sensations such as touch, temperature, pressure, and pain. To feel pain, impulses travel from the receptors in your hand to the spinal cord through sensory neurons. In the spinal cord, the sensory neurons synapse with interneurons that carry impulses to the sensory cortex area of the cerebrum in your brain. When the impulses arrive at the sensory cortex of the cerebrum, you experience the sensation of PAIN!
    Voluntary Movements Once you feel pain, voluntary movements occur. For example, you cool your hand by shaking it or placing it in cold water. Impulses for voluntary movement begin in the motor cortex of the cerebrum. The motor cortex sends impulses via interneurons to the cerebellum where motor activity is coordinated. Then, the impulses are sent via interneurons in the spinal cord to the motor neurons that control the muscles involved in arm and hand movement.
    Memories Impulses from the sensory cortex are conducted over interneurons to the prefrontal cortex of the cerebrum to be “recorded” as memories that associate the sight of a hot stove with pain. These memories cause you to be more careful when you are near a hot stove.
    Patient’s response when their hand is poked with a needle Number on Neuron Pathway Damagediagram Anna can feel pain and her arm automatically moves away. She can voluntarily move her arm. No Damage Bart can feel pain and his arm automatically moves away. He cannot voluntarily move his arm. 1 Connie’s arm automatically moves away but she does not feel pain. She can voluntarily move her arm. 2 David does not feel any pain and his arm does not move automatically. He can voluntarily move his arm. 4 Erin’s arm automatically moves. She does not feel pain and she cannot move her arm. 3 Fred can feel pain. His arm does not move automatically and he cannot voluntarily move his arm. 5
    Reflexes If you touch something that is very hot, your hand moves away quickly before you even feel the pain. You don’t have to think about it because the response is a reflex that does not involve the brain. A reflex is a rapid, unlearned, involuntary (automatic) response to a stimulus (change in the environment). Reflexes are responses that protect the body from potentially harmful events that require immediate action. They involve relatively few neurons (nerve cells) so that they can occur rapidly. There are a wide variety of reflexes that we experience every day such as sneezing, coughing, and blinking. We also automatically duck when an object is thrown at us, and our pupils automatically change size in response to light. These reflexes have evolved because they protect the body from potentially harmful events. Most reflexes protect people from injury or deal with things that require immediate action. Reflex actions do not involve the higher brain regions involved in conscious sensation, decision-making, and voluntary movement. Involving higher brain regions would take too long, potentially exposing the body to risks. Using the reflex pathway as a shortcut allows reflexes to occur very rapidly.
    The response This occurs when the motor neurons deliver nerve impulses from the spinal cord to the part of the body where a response to the stimulus is needed. In the above example, the response is the muscle contraction to quickly pull the hand away from the hot pot. In the second example, the response is to blink to prevent the insect from making contact with the eye.
    Reflex Action If you accidentally touch a hot pot on your stove while cooking, you would involuntarily (and nearly instantaneously) snatch your hand away from the pot. This response is called a ‘reflex action'.


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