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    VS Fritz 12/23/2020 (Wed) 08:16:07 No. 460
    The difference between ... and ... ... vs ...
    As already noted, a wound is a particular type of injury, and it can be used in general parlance for that, not just for military situations (e.g. "wounded in a car crash" if we're talking about bloody gashes and the like). "Wounded" is sometimes preferred in a military context, as previously noted. Another case where it seems to be more common is when talking about violent crime, e.g. "the shooter killed three people and wounded eight". It's not incorrect to use "injured", so if you're not sure, choose that one.
    I guess the reporter talks about some military spokespeople. And in that context, well, "wounded" has a clear connotation of warfare, while "injured" sounds more civilian. "Five people were injured in the crash of the helicopter" sounds "nicer" than "Five people were wounded [...]". It's all about the spin, baby...
    "This is a brother of mine." (<-Idiomatic) "This is one brother of mine." (<-not idiomatic) "This is one of my brothers." (<-Idiomatic)
    If you only have one friend or brother then you say "this is my friend / brother."
    The artist, who is a friend of mine, painted a portrait of me.
    As babies, we rely entirely on others for food.
    dependent (dɪpendənt ) 1. adjective To be dependent on something or someone means to need them in order to succeed or be able to survive. The local economy is overwhelmingly dependent on oil and gas extraction. [+ on/upon] Up to two million people there are dependent on food aid. Britain became increasingly dependent upon American technology. In his own way, he was dependent on her. Just 26 per cent of households are married couples with dependent children. 2. adjective If one thing is dependent on another, the first thing will be affected or determined by the second. How we cope with new roles is largely dependent on previous experience. The treatment of infertility is largely dependent on the ability of couples to pay.
    rely on/upon somebody/something ​ to need or depend on somebody/something The charity relies solely on donations from the public. They had to rely entirely on volunteer workers. The charity relies heavily on public support and donations. rely on/upon somebody/something for something As babies, we rely entirely on others for food. rely on/upon somebody/something to do something These days we rely heavily on computers to organize our work. rely on/upon somebody/something doing something The industry relies on the price of raw materials remaining low.
    to trust or have faith in somebody/something You should rely on your own judgement. He's a great athlete who must learn to rely more on his natural instincts. We have to rely on the only available evidence. rely on/upon somebody/something to do something You can rely on me to keep your secret. He can't be relied on to tell the truth. rely on/upon somebody/something for something I couldn't rely on John for information. synonyms at trust
    I've come across the phrase hinge on recently and it reminds me another phrase rely on,which I think to myself, they have similar meaning even though I couldn't see rely on as a synonym of "hing on" on thesaurus.com. Can we use "hinge on" instead of "rely on" in these example sentences I got from dictionaries? You can’t rely on good weather for the whole trip. The system relies too heavily on one person. These days we rely heavily on computers to organize our work. As babies, we rely entirely on others for food. You should rely on your own judgement You can rely on me to keep your secret. He can't be relied on to tell the truth. edited Jun 16 '20 at 9:11 Community♦ 1 asked Jan 27 '15 at 22:35 Mrt I don't hinge on dictionaries! – Avigrail Jan 27 '15 at 22:38 @Avigrail I am not sure but it seems to me that we can say "ESL students hinge on dictionaries" but not in trust sense. – Mrt Jan 27 '15 at 22:45 It was a pun ;) – Avigrail Jan 27 '15 at 22:46 @Avigrail nice one :) – Mrt Jan 27 '15 at 23:03 See also ell.stackexchange.com/questions/32180/… which discusses "turn on", "depend on", and "pivot". – Jasper Jan 28 '15 at 18:46 Add a comment 3 Answers 1 Think of it this way: "rely" is almost like "depend" the difference is that "rely" is often used in the sense of a person relying on something or someone. "Depend on" can be used the same way, but when discussing how one event can't happen without another, we are more likely to say "B depends on A" than "B relies on A". However, "hinge" is taken from the word for the hardware a door swings on, and is extended to a metaphorical sense that is related. So the best place to use "hinge" in this metaphorical sense is not when B's existence or nature depends on A, but rather when the direction that B can go depends on and is constrained by A. And not physically. Often historical events are said to have "hinged" on some condition. If the condition had been otherwise, the outcome would have, figuratively, "swung" the other way. So if you say that event B "hinged" on condition A, it means that A somehow guided the outcome (B). And I don't know of any case where we would say a person "hinges" on anything, or that anything "hinges" on a person; but a person's actions, or success, etc. could "hinge" on someone else's actions. You wouldn't say, for example, as Avigrail seemed to imply, that a baby "hinges" on its parents; it "depends" on them. It is unlikely a baby knows what it means to "rely" on them. But you could say the baby's eventual character "hinges" on how his parents discipline him. Nor would you say "we can't hinge on him to tell the truth", we would say we can't {rely on, depend on, count on, trust} him to tell the truth. So, I suggest that you would not be speaking idiomatic English if you were to substitute "hinge" in ANY of the examples you cite. I hope this helps; I wish I could cite some source of more examples where "hinge" is appropriately used. answered Jan 28 '15 at 6:16 Brian Hitchcock Add a comment 2 The big thing with all of these examples is that people don't hinge on things. Outcomes do. "When I threw an outdoor party, I hinged on the weather." - Wrong. "When I threw an outdoor party, my success hinged on the weather." - Right. When deciding whether to use "hinge", think of it as a synonym for "turn, bend, veer", and think of events as something that moves forward along a set course - like a river, or a railway track. A factor that they hinge on is a factor that can cause their course to bend - left towards one outcome, or right towards another. Share answered Jan 28 '15 at 12:14 Stephen Dunscombe Add a comment 0 Not sure what country you are from but when I translate rely on and hinge on it clearly shows the difference. To rely on means that you have faith in some process/person/thing. "I rely on you" would mean "I trust you/believe in you". To hinge on means that you need something to happen in order to do something else. So it is not about trust but more in the direction of hope/dependance or a condition. "I hinge on him doing the right thing. Otherwise I'll lose my job." I think a trip could hinge on the weather, if it was be cancelled in case of bad weather. The system hinges on one person. As babies, we hinge on others. He can't hinge on him telling the truth. (?) edited Jun 16 '20 at 9:11 Community♦ 1 answered Jan 27 '15 at 22:44 Avigrail


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